The versatile design of carpet weaving machines semi- automatic development of cultural products, home textiles, leading to an ASEAN economic community
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The purposes of this research were to study semi-automatic versatile carpet weaving data of central region villagers, studies problems and requirement in the semi automatic versatile carpet weaving to be effective fulfill requirements for the most weavers and led the data were to study, analyze to create prototype of a semi automatic versatile carpet weaving to develop household textile products in culture that led to the ASEAN Economic Community, and lead the knowledge to transfer technology by workshops. This research was the development of experimental research by fieldwork survey from 25 Nam Tao Temple sampling of semi automatic versatile carpet weaver groups in top central at Tambon Wat Nam Tao of Maharat district in Ayutthaya province and choose the specific type with the weaving group and semi automatic versatile carpet weaving from 25 Nong Ngu Hau weaver groups at Tambon Bang Pra Khru of Nakhon Luang district in Ayutthaya province. Total weaver groups who used this carpet weaving jacquard were 50 persons. Results indicated that testing for the satisfaction efficient of villagers were satisfied to the semi automatic versatile carpet weaving jacquard in period that can woven more quickly. Including setting the reel head to stand on the warp by the head reel of carpet loom and the carpet roll can make carpet in 90 centimeters width and applied to household textiles such as carpet rugs, wall rugs, and decorative carpet. The semi automatic versatile carpet weaving jacquard can weave 4 hooks. They were made the minute patterns, exquisitely and various woven. They have added the convenience of a device to lock the both sides of warp reel head and the jacquard structure were increased strength with a square box steel and the Z. It can also adjust the space of the seat movement when weaving according to individual aptitude. It can be moved easily and reduced the lack of warp yarn. It was set easier in new warp yarn by the hooking after setting the warp yarn jacquard was finished. It was convenient to roll the finished carpet weaving by using lever handle to simultaneously rotate on both sides of gear axis. Using a foot pedal lever to raise the hooks, raise the sway hooks to lift up follow to the weaving rhythm. It was production costs close to the price of the similar carpet, the effective yield rapidly and worth. It was suitable for the beginner weavers or a new person who had basic woven would be weaving rapidly and the carpet weaving quality was good. Due to its rotating axis and lock system were made of cogs that helped to lock the beater or comb teeth for solidness and strength to handle and help facing fabric regularly. Summary this research was is related to the methodology, technique, and carpet weaving process. The essential was to reel the warp yarn and set the hooks that was minuteness in the deeply technical, promotes the concept to develop the semi automatic carpet weaving with electrical system and motor to help labor saving, able to reduce and solve period problems too much. So the semi automatic versatile carpet weaving design will be the basic of knowledge "direct" that can lead to the development of devices, patterns, and cultural household textile products leading to the ASEAN Economic Community in the next occasion.
- Research Report