The design and development of quick-dry finishing applied to Muslimah clothes
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This research on the “The design and development of Quick-Dry finishing applied to Muslimah clothes” had the objective to create knowledge in the development of Muslim women’s clothing, with the emphasis on religious benefits. Likewise, this research aimed to solve the problems of dampness after ablution, which is the daily routine of Muslim people, in order to provide clothing that are suitable for wearing, while retaining the aesthetic elements according to the doctrine of Islamic religion. The prototype of Muslim women’s clothing with a quick dry finish had been prepared for religious benefits. Moreover, the guideline for the production of a new form of clothing had been developed to enter the AEC market, in order to correspond to the government’s policy on economic development. The research process consisted of 9 steps, as follows: 1) review related theories and literature; 2) conduct questionnaire to collect preliminary data and draw conclusions; 3) design 15 Muslim women’s dresses to reduce the dampness after ablution; 4) select 4 dresses to be used as prototypes; 5) conduct experiments on the sample group while they were performing ablution; 6) collect data from the satisfaction survey; 7) evaluate the obtained data; 8) analyze the obtained data; and 9) conclude and discuss the research findings. After selecting the prototypes that are appropriate to this research, it is evident that all selected prototypes were black in color, with a similar design to Abaya dress due to its classic look. The majority of the sample stated that they adhered to the culture of the Middle East, which is the origin of Islamic religion. All of the prototypes used Ponte de Roma knit but were composed of four different types of fabric: C40, TK45, Micro27/72, and CVC40. The prototypes were tested according to Fabric Test standards. All types of fabric were compared in terms of their finishing properties: no finishing and quick dry finish. The results indicated that the color resistance to washing had decreased for C40, TK45, and Micro75/72 fabrics, while improved for CVC40 fabric. Meanwhile, the color resistance to sunlight had decreased for C40 fabric, while improved for TK45 and Micro75/72 fabrics, and remained unchanged for CVC40 fabric. Moreover, the color resistance to sweat and water had decreased for C40, TK45, and Micro75/72 fabrics, while improved for CVC40 fabric. In addition, fabrics with the composition of synthetic fibers had a better moisture management than fabrics with the composition of natural fibers. Meanwhile, the drying rates of C40, TK45, and Micro75/72 fabrics increased by 26-28% when compared to fabrics of the same types but without a quick dry finish, as opposed to CVC40 fabric that reduced by 11%. The most prototype popular was number 4 which was suitable for all factors.
- Research Report