Main Causes and Prevention of Occupational Slipping Tripping and Falling in Thailand
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The purpose of this study was aimed to identify the main causes and prevention of occupational slipping, tripping and falling in Thailand. The results revealed that number of the accidents caused by the occupational slipping, tripping, and falling was high ranked of all occupational accidents in every worldly part. This study consisted of 6 operational processes. Firstly, it involved seeking for statistic data and information about number of the accidents, the Office of Social Security 2008. Secondly, analysis of most frequently-occurred businesses in Thailand was performed. Thirdly, survey planning was established by which the questionnaires were instrumental to gather data and interviewing was carried out with those concerned personnel. Fourthly, selecting the survey site, and lastly, analysis and conclusion was made to identify the causes of the accidents as well as recommendation on prevention of the accidents. The results indicated that the causes of problem consisted of the three following factors; personnel, work-associated equipments and tools, and workplace environment. For personnel factor, the workers were inadvertent while on duty, low educated, lacked of experience and safety skill training, seniority, drunkard or drug addicted. Regarding to work-associated equipments and tools, the workers did not wear the preventive equipments, safety helmet, safety shoes, or working barefooted. Regarding to workplace environment, the ground were blocked, wet and rough, including the climate in wet season from the month of May to October. There were no sign or warning sign of danger. It’s suggested that the preventive action for accidents included providing the appropriate training before real performance, prohibiting the alcoholic beverage dirking or the use of illicit drug. Some behaviors should be modified, for examples; the elder workers should be put in the job that is lesser in risk. Consciousness and campaign on safety should be urged. It should invest on safety equipments and safety shoes; including inspecting the ground and installing the easily visual sign or warning sign in risky area.