25-kHz Frequency Ultrasonic Scaler
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This paper presents the design and construction of an ultrasonic scaler. The principal of Phase-Locked Loop circuit inside the IC 4046B controls the 25-kHz frequency generator with constant phase and frequency.The coil inside the hand-piece sheath produces the magnetostriction process with the magnetostrictive stack which works only at 25-kHz frequency. This proces causes the magentostrictive stack to expand and contract with high frequencies, making the scaler tip to vibrate more than 20,000 times per second. This dental scaler could be used to eliminate the micro-organisms in the form of plaque or tartar and dirt in the gum groove and around the tooth root surface. This tool is as effective as and cheaper than the imported equipment used by dentists. In addition, the construction of an ultrasonic dental scaler helps the staff to improve their maintaining skills.
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