Development of cement-bonded fiberboard product from oil palm fiber for community enterprise
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This research aims to study the using oil palm fiber to develop cement-bonded fiberboard product. The mixture ratios of Portland cement type1: fine sand: oil palm fiber:tap water: catalyst are 1 : 1.95 : 0.05 : 0.40 : 0.03, 1 : 1.94 : 0.06 : 0.40 : 0.03, 1 : 1.93 : 0.07 : 0.40 : 0.03, 1 : 1.92 : 0.08 : 0.40 : 0.03 and 1 : 1.91 : 0.09 : 0.40 : 0.03 by weight. The cement-bonded fiberboard samples are cast in 30 x 30 x 1.5 centimeter in dimension. The cement-bonded fiberboard sample testing follows the TIS 878-2537. The results show that the density, thermal conductivity, bending strength, modulus of elasticity, and tension perpendicular to surface of cement-bonded fiberboard with high quantity of oil palm fiber are lower than cement-bonded fiberboard with low quantity of oil palm fiber while that the water absorption and swelling in water of cement-bonded fiberboard with high quantity of oil palm fiber are higher. However, all of oil palm fiber samples with lower than 0.06 of ratio can pass the standard.
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