Influence of Electrode Force Affecting the Complete of the Resistance Spot Welding
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This research was to influence of electrode force affecting the complete of the resistance spot welding. The specimen was mild steel sheet metal has 1 mm. thickness. Then applied the force to the specimen are 1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0 and 5.0 kN. The welded specimens were tested by tensile shear testing according to JIS Z 3136: 1999 and Macro structure testing according to JIS Z 3139: 1978.The results showed that electrode force had affected on tensile shear and nugget size at 95% confidential (P value > 0.05). The low electrode force had increase the nugget heating because it had a high resistance (Q=I2Rt) and increase the gab between specimen. When the resistance increasing so the current flow will difficult to passed that fusion zone will had a high heating. It will affected to nugget seize, heat affected zone and mechanical properties decreasing. The electrode forces are complete 2.0 kN. Tensile shear 6.39 kN and Nugget Size 5.83 mm. This data can be applied to be used as process monitoring of resistance spot weld quality.