Development of basketry decoration material made of natural fiber
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The study was aimed to investigate the production of banana fiber that was suitable for decorating handicraft basketry, examine its effectiveness, develop decorative handicraft materials for basketry from fibrous layer on the trunk of the banana tree, and promote the obtained knowledge in the community of Plasticseeroong, Baanmor, Promburi District, Singburi Province. The research result could be summarized that the most appropriate production process of dry fibrous layer on the trunk of the banana tree mixed with fibrous layer of paper mulberry was done through mechanical process. After bleaching, the mixed fibrous layer was stirred by Hollander beater with the proportion of wet fibrous layer and water at 1:40; 10% of dry of paper mulberry was boiled for three hours in sodium hydroxide at 100 degree Celsius, then bleached with 1.5% of hydrogen peroxide with 4% of the dry fibrous layer weight at 90 to 95 degree Celsius for two hours. The mixture of wet fibrous layer on the trunk of the banana tree with wet fibrous layer of paper mulberry was 70:30, which was considered appropriate for decorating handicraft basketry. Concerning the examination of mechanical properties of banana tree fibrous layer according to the standard of TAPPI T, it was found that the folding endurance of paper value was 144 (N. m/g); the tensile strength value was 32.16 (N. m/g); the tear resistance value was 26.56 (mN.m2/g); and the bursting strength value was at 1.94 (KPa.m2/g). The fibrous layer obtained from on the trunk of the banana tree was fabricated into decorative basketry materials, for example, flowers, palm leave hats, flower key chains, bags, and paraffin coated flowers for bamboo boxed. The attendants’ satisfaction on the training of the production of decorative handicraft materials of basketry from fibrous layer on the trunk of the banana tree to 30 members of the community of Plasticseeroong, Baanmor, Promburi District, Singburi Province concerning the training service, speakers, training procedures, facilities, and training benefits was at high level (90.67%) and at average level (9.33%).
- Research Report