The development of paper product form cattail pistillate for community economic
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This research aims at studying the product development from Cattail flower paper for community economy by (1) studying the paper making process from Cattail flower, (2) testing the efficiency of the paper made of Cattail flower, (3) studying the product development process of Cattail flower paper, and (4) propagating the knowledge on product made of Cattail flower paper for the community economy to the Women Group for Basketry Product Development in Laem Phak Bia sub-district, Ban Laem district, Phetchcburi province. The process of paper making from Cattail flower in its mature stage uses soda method in pulping process and hydrogen peroxide in bleaching process. Paper formation process has to be done on grate by (1) using 38 kilograms of fresh Cattail flower which requires pulp separation from the core of Cattail flower providing; 34.2 kilograms of fresh pulp considered as 90%—its average humidity at 51.04%; 3.8 kilograms of fresh core considered as 10% of the total weight, (2) boiling in open system at 100 ºC for 3 hours with sodium hydroxide with the intensity at 4%, 6%, and 8% of its weight, (3) bleaching with hydrogen peroxide with the intensity at 10%, 20% and 30% of the weight of dried pulp; 2% of sodium silicate; 0.05% of magnesium sulfate; and 1.5% of sodium hydroxide at 100 ºC for 2 hours with the ratio of pulp and water at 1:15 (4) making paper with Thai traditional handmade method with the size of 72×84 centimeters, then drying paper in indoor place in order to prevent paper contraction due to short pulp. The efficiency of the paper made of Cattail flower shows that the paper has average standard weight at 168.88 g2/m; average tensile strength at 26.40 N.m/g2; average tearing strength at 3.14 mN.m2/g; average bursting strength at 1.37 kPa.m2/g; average folding strength at 605; average luminance at 39.05%; average water holding capacity of dry weight at 395.65%; and total used bleach pulp at 69.90% of the bleached amount. The product development from Cattail flower paper has 3 types which are designed, evaluated, and suggested by the experts in accordance with the requirement of community on product development as follows: (1) Paper made of Cattail flower with various patterns; (2) Multi-purpose box made of Cattail flower and; (3) Flower made of Cattail flower paper. During 2 days of the training program, the satisfaction of the 30 participants concerning the knowledge on product made of Cattail flower paper for the community economy of the Women Group for Basketry Product Development in Laem Phak Bia sub-district, Ban Laem district, Phetchaburi province shows that the participants who answer the questionnaire are extremely satisfied.
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