Appropriate nutrition guidelines for basketball players
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The purpose of this research were 1) to survey the personal factors of basketball players and 2) provide nutrition guidelines for basketball players. The samples was 100 Singha Pra Nang basketball players based on the purposive sampling method. The research instrument was an online questionnaire and computed by using frequency, standard distribution, percentage and mean. The calculation program estimating calories burned in a day depended on the activities used in this study. The result of the study reported that the samples were male and female players whose ages ranged from 19 to 35 years old. They were company employees and business owners. The analytical results of male players’ daily basketball practice duration showed that they practiced playing basketball 3 – 5 days per week with amount of moderate-intensity. The amount of calorie required for male depends on the body growth rate. Carbohydrate diet became necessary for the amount of high-intensity activities. Working age and elderly male players whose bodies are fully grown must pay attention to the diet behavior. They decreased their calorie intake, and their basal metabolic rate went down. They should avoid strongly flavored food and choose foods they can easily chew. Female player’ basal metabolic rate and energy consumption were different from male players. Female players required foods high in iron. Working age and elderly female players should pay attention to the diet behavior. They also require minerals and vitamins founded in green vegetables and other kinds of vegetables.
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